Whether due to religious fanaticism, valuable raw materials or a sheer desire for power, the reasons for conflict have been the same for thousands of years. The Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK) has documented last year's many conflicts in its ""Conflict Barometer 2013, In Kivu last year the army fought regularly against the M23 rebel group. After peace negotiations with the government, the fighters then split into different groups. UN peacekeepers are now responsible for keeping order, but attacks and suicide bombings continue. Islamist terror group Boko Haram wants to introduce Sharia law in Nigeria. Nigeria is the scene of another battle too: Christian farmers are fighting with Muslim cattle grazers over pasture land.
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